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Pregovaračka grupa 27
životna sredina

AKTUELNOSTI

10
okt
2018

Ministarstvo zaduženo za zaštitu životne sredine kao vodeća institucija u procesu pregovaranja za Poglavlje 27, je uz podršku ENVAP projekta održalo konferenciju za medije 9. oktobra u Botaničkoj bašti. Tema događaja je bilo predstavljanje napretka Srbije u pogledu ekoloških EU regulativa.

Karić je naglasio da je Srbija na dobrom putu da Poglavlje 27, okarakterisano kao  jedno od najzahtevnijih i najskupljih  u pregovorima sa EU, uskoro bude na agendi evropskih zvaničnika budući da je nacrt Pregovaračke pozicije, poslat na neformalne konsultacije, dobio visoke ocene Evropske komisije.

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Govoreći o situaciji u Srbiji, istakao je da je samo 7,3 odsto otpadnih voda biološki tretirano, a neophodno je izgraditi 359 postrojenja za prečišćavanje otpadnih voda. Procenat recikliranja komunalnog otpada je prema podacima za 2016. iznosio svega 3 odsto, dok su zahtevi EU dostizanje 50 odsto recikliranja do 2020, a prema revidiranoj direktivi 65 odsto do 2035. godine. U vezi sa industrijskim zagađenjem neophodno je da više od 230 kompanija dobiju dozvole i sprovedu Direktive o industrijskim emisijama.

Pred oko 20 novinara, Karić je izjavio da je postizanje potpunog usaglašavanja sa pravnim tekovinama u oblasti životne sredine (koje čini oko 200 pravnih propisa) jedan od glavnih izazova za pristupanje, a neki su veoma skupi i zahtevni, zbog čega će Ministarstvo zaštite  životne sredine tražiti odloženu implementaciju – prelazne periode za neke od njih. Trenutna procena je da će više od 8 milijardi evra biti potrebno samo za ulaganja u sektore otpada i vode, a većina zahteva mora biti sprovedena pre pristupanja što podrazumeva značajne finansijske i ljudske resurse za srpske institucije. Rad na unapređenjima je započeo davno, ali postoji potreba da se ubrza. Ministarstvo je stvorilo administrativne okvire za zaštitu životne sredine, ali zaštita mora počivati na društveno usvojenom sistemu vrednosti i nije moguća bez promene svesti svih građana Srbije o značaju zaštite životne sredine.

Karić je naglasio da usaglašavanje sa ekološkim standardima EU podrazumeva velike inicijalne troškove, ali na duži rok štedi novac i omogućava bolji kvalitet života, donosi prilike za nove poslove, kao i značajnu podršku iz EU i drugih fondova. Mi ove zahteve sprovodimo zbog nas samih, a ne zbog  učlanjenja u EU, zaključio je na kraju skupa šef Pregovaračke grupe 27.

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On October 9th 2018, Ministry of Environmental Protection as a leading institution for Chapter 27 negotiations has organised a media conference in Botanical garden, which was supported by ENVAP3. Main topic of the event was progress of Serbia in preparation for EU Chapter27 negotiations and implementation of the EU acquis in this sector. Mr Ivan Karic, as Chief of Negotiating Group 27, informed media that soon this costly and demanding chapter will get on the EU officials agenda, since recently the first draft of Negotiating Position submitted for informal consultations was given high ratings from the European Commission.

Mr Karic presented current situation in environmental sector including that only 7,3 % of waste waters in Serbia is treated biologically and there is a need to build 359 instalations for waste water treatment. Recycling rate of communal waste in Serbia was only 3 % in 2016, while EU requirements define 50% by 2020, and in the revised directive 65% by 2030.  In industriall pollution sub-sector, more than 230 companies need to have integrated permits and implement industrial emmisions directive.

In front of almost 20 journalists, Mr Karic underlined that main challenge remains full alignment with EU legislation (comprising of 200 legal acts), which includes several high cost directives, for which Serbia would need more time to implement. Therefore draft Negotiating Position includes several requests for implementation period which will continue after accession – transitional periods. Current assessment is that Serbia will need more than 8 billion euros just for investment in waste and waste water sectors. Beside financial demands, Serbian institutions will have to streghten human capacities to complete the alignment and then to implement requirements. Approximation activities in Serbian institutions have started long time ago. But the change requires also changes in society, establish a system of values and high awareness for protection of environment among all citizens of Serbia.

Mr Karic emphasised, that initally huge costs required to establish environmental infrastructure according to EU requirements in longer term means achieving better quality of life, saving resources, additional opportunities for new jobs also because of substantial support from EU funds and other sources. We are implementing standards in environment  because of us, not because of membership in EU and we all have responsibility to do our best, concluded the Chief of Negotiating Group 27.